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Further reading and resources

Single Sex and Separate Sex Facilities



ECHR statutory guidance on the operation of the Equality Act 2010 in the provision of Services and Public Function.

Paragraphs 13.57 – 13.60 cover the operation of single-sex spaces. Statutory guidance is not the law itself, but it “shall be taken into account by a court or tribunal” (s. 15(4) Equality Act 2016) and per Baroness Hale speaking in the House of Lords in (SCA Packaging v Boyle [2009] UKHL 37 para. 67).

Gym Use and Changing Rooms: the illegality and chilling effect of (trans)gender segregation:  

Peter Dunne and Alex Sharpe

Article on the unlawfulness of having blanket bans on transgender women using gym changing rooms

Failed Challenge to Trans Equality Guidance around Single-Sex Spaces

Anti-trans group's attempts to launch a process to have trans people excluded from single-sex spaces fails because it has no legal merit:

Trans Legal Project letter to EHRC challenging non-statutory guidance on single and separate sex spaces April 2022

A letter from TLP, signed by 39 legal/academic and associated professionals challenging recent guidance issued by them which encouraged interpretations of equalities law to include pre-emptive, blanket bans of trans people. Plus:
EHRC reply to above letter

See also this page re April 2023 EHRC advice to the government on changing the definition of sex in the EA 2010

Trans Legal Project in-depth legal analysis of the EHRC's letter to The Minister for Women and Equalities, April 3rd, 2023

On April 3rd 2023, the EHRC wrote to the UK government offering advice on potential changes to The Equality Act to redefine 'sex' as 'biological sex'. The potential ramifications of such a move for the UK trans community could be cataclysmic. The EHRC letter was in our view full of dangerous misunderstandings and legal nonsense, some of which was bizarre. Here TLP analyzes it in detail. 


Croft v Royal Mail [2003]

This landmark case concerns the right of a transgender woman to use the toilet at work. Though almost 20 years old we believe that the legal test stated remains accurate.

Taylor v Jaguar Land Rover [2020]

A groundbreaking case recently decided at the Employment Tribunal. The tribunal held that non-binary people are protected by the EA 2010 and requiring a non-binary person to use the disabled toilet was direct discrimination. Jaguar Land Rover has accepted the judgment and is not appealing.  

The recruitment and retention of transgender staff: Guidance for employers: Government Equalities Office​

Probably the best non-technical guide. Page 14 covers single-sex spaces.

Protection from discrimination for transgender individuals in UK law

Robin Moira White

Substantive review of Taylor v JLR

EHRC Policy Position 2021-2022

In 2021, the EHRC reversed its previous long-standing support of trans rights across a range of issues.

Correspondence here is between Trans Legal Project and the EHRC 2021-22, focussing on separate and single-sex spaces.


TLP letter to EHRC July 2021

EHRC Reply to TLP July 2021

TLP letter to EHRC January 2022

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